Causes of varicose veins in the legs

Varicose veins are a very common disease. It affects the vein, increases its diameter, thins the wall, and disrupts the valve. Varicose veins can occur in any part of the body, but most often they affect the veins in the lower legs. Almost half of women and about 25% of men suffer from the disease. Why are leg veins often affected by this disease?

Main reason

The causes of varicose veins in the legs cannot be fully identified, but the most common are the following:

  • Physical inactivity.Due to lack of mobility, blood flow becomes slower and worse. This explains the fact that the disease develops rapidly younger - if previously they suffered from the disease after 30 years, now they are exposed to it after 20 years. People from the "computer" generation spend a lot of time motionless, in a sitting position.
  • Descendants.Studies show that varicose veins develop more often in people whose relatives also suffer from them. Through genes, children are transmitted, including the structure of the veins, and therefore the tendency of the appearance of varicose veins.
  • Obesity.Being overweight puts pressure on the legs, and blood in the veins often stagnates.
  • Large load on the legs.It usually happens to people who, by occupation (salesmen, teachers, hairdressers) spend a lot of time on their feet.
  • Uncomfortable shoes and clothing.One of these factors is the cause of varicose veins on the foot of the stiletto heel. Since girls have to balance a small foot area, this causes a load on the foot to be larger. The same goes for skinny jeans, visually making them more attractive, tightening the pelvis, interfering with blood flow.
  • Smoking and alcohol.Bad habits cause great damage to our health and greatly affect the circulatory system.
  • Diseases of the pelvic organs.Intestinal diseases, genitals provoke improper blood flow, its stagnation, which is reflected in the legs.
  • Pregnancy.Being a great burden on a woman's body, pregnancy provokes the development of varicose veins. Hormonal changes lead to the fact that the tone of the veins decreases, and the enlargement of the uterus often presses on the veins. In addition, weight increased significantly.

Symptoms of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs

  • weight in the legs;
  • swelling of the legs, which appears at night and disappears in the morning;
  • burning veins;
  • the veins swell and become more visible.

If you feel these symptoms and you have the cause of varicose veins on the legs, you should immediately see a phlebologist. After the examination, he or she may prescribe some type of study to make sure of the vascular disorder. For this, the following procedure is performed:

  • ultrasound dopplerography (shows how blood flow in the veins is passing and whether there is an obstruction to its normal operation)
  • transilumination (with its help, the veins shine with a special light, which allows you to accurately determine its condition)
the doctor examines the leg with varicose veins

Treatment of varicose veins on the legs

In the early stages, it is enough to use special ointments and gels that relieve pain and heaviness in the legs, and you should also wear compression or tight stockings.

Patients are prescribed to take venotonics, which increase blood flow and tone the venous wall. They complement the more serious effects of the drug.

For further cases, sclerotherapy, ozone therapy, phlebectomy or endovasal laser coagulation are used. All of these procedures help normalize blood flow in the legs.

Varicose veins: causes, symptoms, treatment covers the entire part of the drug that develops every day. Perhaps, in the future, there will be ways to treat the affected veins without their removal and serious intervention, but at this time we advise you to take care of yourself and avoid the listed causes of varicose veins from a young age.